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Referencing (TAFE)


For a speech you should find the authoritative source for the text such as transcript or recording then cite the speech using the rules of the book, audio recording, website, or other source for the quotation. The reference format you need will depend on the type of document you’ve used. 

In-text citation for book

(Editor, Year)

Dr. King declared, “I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed” (Smith, 2009).

In-text citation for audio recording 

(Speaker, Year)

(King, 1963)

Speaker (Year)

King (1963)


Reference list


Editor, A. (Ed). (Year). Title of the work. Publisher

Smith, J. (Ed.). (2009). Well said! Great speeches in American history. E & K Publishing.

Audio recording

Speaker, A. (Year, month day). Title of speech [Speech audio recording]. Name of website audio recording was found on. https://xxxxx

King, M. L., Jr. (1963, August 28). I have a dream [Speech audio recording]. American Rhetoric.

In person

Speaker, A. A. (Year, Month Day of speech). Title of speech [Speech]. Description of speech and location.

Nelson, B. (2016, April 25). Anzac day dawn service address 2016 [Speech]. Speech presented on Anzac Day dawn service 2016, Australia.

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