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Referencing (TAFE)

Reference List

Reference List Overview

The reference list provides the full details of the works you have cited in your assignment.

In general, the reference list should contain: 

  • Who - author  (Last name or organisation name)
  • When - date of publication (accessed date for digital content)
  • What - title (and series or issue details)
  • Where - publisher details

Use the same format consistently in all your references, for example: use of capitals, punctuation and italics.

The rules for author - date citations as stated in style manual generally are:

  • Use capital letters for all proper nouns, name of periodicals, and first word of titles
  • Use lower case for all other words
  • use commas to separate elements after the title
  • use a full stop at the end of the reference

The reference list:   

  • start on a new page 
  • use the heading References (and center)
  • is arranged alphabetically by author's surname, the organisation's name or title of the source where author is unknown. If you have more than one work by the same author, list them chronologically
  • is double-spaced
  • each reference should begin on a new line
  • is flushed to the left margin of the page
  • should correctly use punctuation and italics
  • use parentheses around the year of publication
  • if there is no publication date use n.d. (means no date)
  • use initials of all given names without spaces or punctuation in between for example  John Harold Smith  will be listed Smith JT
  • no full stops and no spaces are used with people's initials
  • book and periodical titles are italicised
  •  single quotation marks are used for:
  1. titles of chapters
  2. an article
  3. a poem
  4. an episode
  5. a page that is part of a series   

Only include a reference in your list for each source you have used in your in-text citation. Use heading 'more reading or 'more information' for all other sources and should appear after the reference list

Note: Degrees and affiliations are not included in reference list, honorifics can be included as an aid to recognition but are irrelevant to the alphabetical order

              Adams, Philip

              Gowers, Sir Ernest

              Gowers, General Maurice

              Herbst, DD

Your Reference list must provide full and accurate details, so that the reader can follow up your sources for further information.

Sample reference list

Please note: the sample reference list below uses single line spacing for display purposes.



AITSL (Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership) (2017) Australian Professional Standard for Principals [online document], AITSL, accessed 14 June 2021,

Althaus C, Bridgman P and Davis G (2007) A policy cycle: Australian policy handbook, Allen & Unwin, Sydney.

ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2021) Childhood education and care, ABS website, accessed 14 June  2021

Ball S, Maguire M, Braun A and Hoskins K (2011) 'Policy subjects and policy actors in schools: some necessary but insufficient analysis', Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 32(4):611-624.

Barnes CR (2005) Library at dawn [photograph in jpeg format] Canberra.

Khan R (2021) 'Vital sign assessment', in Koutoukidis G and  Stainton K (eds) Tabbner's nursing care, 8th edn:455-493, Elsevier ClinicalKey version, accessed 15 June 2020,


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