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Referencing (TAFE)

More help with

A digital object identifier (DOI) is a combination of letters and numbers string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content. The publisher assigns a DOI when your article is published and made available electronically.

It is recommended that when DOIs are available, include them for both print and electronic sources. The DOI is usually located on the first page of the electronic journal article, near the copyright notice. The DOI can also be found on the database landing page for the article.

example

Journal

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journalvolume(issue), pp. xxx-xxx. https://doi.org/xxxxx

Pashkova-Balkenhol, T., Lenker, M., Cox, E., & Kocevar-Weidinger, E. (2019). Should we flip the script?: A literature review of deficit-based perspectives on first-year undergraduate students’ information literacy. Journal of Information Literacy, 13(2), 92-111. https://dx.doi.org/10.11645/13.2.2619

Ebook

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of book. Publisher. https://doi

Brown, L. S. (2018). Feminist therapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000092-000

If publication date is not available use no date or circa (about.approxmately) c. before the year 
No date
 For sources that do not have a date of publication, substitute ‘n.d.’ (no date) after the name of the author.

 For example: 

 In-text citation

( Author, n.d.)
 (Southey, n.d.)

 Reference List
 Southey, R. (n.d.). The life of Nelson. Blackie.
 
Approximate Date or estimated date
Example
In text citation
( Author, c. Year)
( Author, Year?)
 Southey (c. 1977)
(Southey, 1977?)

Journal Article - Print

Note: If there are three authors or more, use et al. after the first author’s surname.

In-text citation (quotation)

 (Author, Year, p. x)

(Trotter et al., 2015, p. 10)

In-text citation (paraphrase)

(Author, Year)

Author (Year)

(Trotter et al., 2015)

Trotter et al. (2015)

 

Reference list

Author, A. A., Author, A. A., & Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journalvolume (issue), pages.

Trotter, C., Baidawi, S., & Phillipa, E. (2015). Good practice in community-based supervision of aboriginal youth offenders. Australian Social Work: The Journal of the Australian Association of Social Workers, 68(1), 5-18.

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