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Referencing (TAFE)

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A digital object identifier (DOI) is a combination of letters and numbers string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content. The publisher assigns a DOI when your article is published and made available electronically.

It is recommended that when DOIs are available, include them for both print and electronic sources. The DOI is usually located on the first page of the electronic journal article, near the copyright notice. The DOI can also be found on the database landing page for the article.



Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journalvolume(issue), pp. xxx-xxx.

Pashkova-Balkenhol, T., Lenker, M., Cox, E., & Kocevar-Weidinger, E. (2019). Should we flip the script?: A literature review of deficit-based perspectives on first-year undergraduate students’ information literacy. Journal of Information Literacy, 13(2), 92-111.


Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of book. Publisher. https://doi

Brown, L. S. (2018). Feminist therapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association.

Journal/Magazine/Newspaper Article - Print

For in-text citations if there are three authors or more, use first author’s surname followed by et al. comma and the year.

In-text citation

(Author, Year)

(Trotter et al., 2015)

(O'Callaghan, 2024)

    (Maugeri & Gregory, 2010)

Author (Year)

    Trotter et al. (2015)

    O'Callaghan (2024)

    Maugeri and Gregory (2010)

Direct quote: (Author, Year, p. x)

(Trotter et al., 2015, p. 10)

(O'Callaghan, 2024, p. 36)

    (Maugeri & Gregory, 2010, p. 7)

Reference list

Journal Articles

Author, A. A., Author, A. A., & Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume (issue), pages.

Trotter, C., Baidawi, S., & Phillipa, E. (2015). Good practice in community-based supervision of aboriginal youth offenders. Australian Social Work, 68(1), 5-18.

Magazine Articles

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day of publication). Title of article. Title of Magazine, volume (issue), pages.

O'Callaghan, J. (2024, February 3). The hunt for alien moons. New Scientist, 261(3480), 36-39.

Newspaper Articles

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day of publication). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, p. xx.

Maugeri, M., & Gregory, J. (2010, August 30). Berth of a new era. The Courier Mail, p. 7.

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