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Referencing (TAFE)


In-text citation

(Author, Year, p. x)

(Author, Year)

Author (Year)

(Islam, 2007, p. 254)

(Islam, 2007)

Islam (2007)


Reference list

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work [Format]. Publisher.

Islam, Y. 2007. The little black songbook: Cat Stevens [Songbook]. Wise Publications.

Sheet music

In-text citation

(Composer, Year)

(Davis & Akst, 1978)

(Picker & McClatchy, 1995)

Reprint of an old score, do not include the information about the original publishing company. Include the original publication date and copyright date:

(Haydn, 1798/2001)

Reference list

Composer, A. A. (Year). Title of work [Format]. Publisher.

Davis, B., & Akst, H. (2001). Baby face [Sheet music]. Hal Leonard Europe. (Original work published 1928).

Haydn, F. J. (2001). The creation [Sheet music]. Random House. (Original work published 1798).

Picker, T. (Composer), & McClatchy, J. D. (Librettist). (1995). Emmeline: An opera in two acts [Score and parts]. Schott Helicon.

Recorded Music

Note: It isn’t necessary to include how you listened to the music. Include a URL if that is the only way to listen to the music (e.g. it is only available on SoundCloud or an artist’s website) (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 345).

If the recording was not made by the original artist, include additional information about who recorded it and when the original work was published.

Music album

In-text citation

(Artist, Year)

Artist (Year)

(Bach, 1721/2010)

(Bowie, 2016)

Bach (1721/2010)

Bowie (2016)

Reference list

Artist. (Year). Album title [Album]. Producer.

Bach, J. (2010). The Brandenburg concertos: Concertos BWV 1043 & 1060 [Album recorded by Academy of St Martin in the Fields]. Decca. (Original work published 1721)

Bowie, D. (2016). Blackstar [Album]. Columbia.


Single song or track

Note: If the song has no associated album, leave out that information (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 345).

In-text citation

(Artist, Year)

Artist (Year)

(Beethoven, 1804/2012)

Beethoven (1804/2012)

Reference list

Artist. (Year). Song title [Song]. Producing company/companies.

Beethoven, L. van (2012). Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major [Song recorded by Staatskapelle Dresden]. On Beethoven: Complete symphonies. Brilliant Classics. (Original work published 1804).

Beyoncé. (2016). Formation [Song]. On Lemonade. Parkwood; Columbia.

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