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Referencing (TAFE)

Reference List

Your reference list must provide full and accurate details, as it is the means by which the reader can follow up your sources. References are created using these style guidelines which provide the details of the works you have cited in your assignment.

Your list should: 

  • start on a new page to separate it from the rest of your essay.
  • have the heading References centred in bold at the top of the page
  • be arranged alphabetically by author. If you have more than one work by the same author, list them chronologically
  • be double spaced
  • not use acronyms 
  • a work that has up to and including 20 authors, include all the names and use the ampersand (&) between the last 2 names in the list. For resources with 21 or more authors, include the first 19 names, then use an ellipsis (…) before the final author’s name

Each reference:

  • should begin on a new line
  • the first line is flushed to the left margin of the page, with subsequent lines indented (use "hanging indents" or the paragraph indents key to 5-7 spaces or 1.25 cm)
  • should correctly use punctuation and italics


To indent your reference list entries, highlight your reference list and hit the Ctrl T keys.

Unless specified by your teachers, the APA style above should be used (APA, 2010, p. 180).


If you have publications with the same author and year of publication, publications with only the year included go first. These are followed by publications with more specific dates e.g. 

Smith, A. & Hart, C. (2022a).

Smith, A. & Hart, C. (2022b, January 13).

Smith, A. & Hart, C. (2022c, March 2). 

If you have multiple sources with the same author and the same year of publication, arrange them according to alphabetical order by title. Once you have done this, add lowercase letters after the year e.g. 

Smith, A. (2022a). Albatross. Penguin Books. 

Smith, A. (2022b). Bat. Penguin Books. 


Sample reference list

The sample reference list below is only in single line spacing to conserve room on this page for display. 


Althaus, C., Bridgman, P., & Davis, G. (2007). A policy cycle: Australian policy handbook. Allen & Unwin.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). Childhood education and care (No. 4402.0).

Ball, S., Maguire, M., Braun, A., & Hoskins, K. (2011). Policy subjects and policy actors in schools: Some necessary but insufficient analyses. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 32(4), 611-624.

Bergman, E., Malm, D., Bertero, C., & Karlsson, J. (2011). Does one’s sense of coherence change after an acute myocardial infarction? A two-year longitudinal study in Sweden. Nursing & Health Sciences, 13(2), 156-163.

Burns, N., & Grove, S. (2007). Understanding nursing research: Building an evidence-based practice. Saunders Elsevier.

Sievers, W. (1966). Monash University [Photograph].

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