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Referencing (TAFE)

Introduction

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware this page may contain names of people who have since passed away.

 

The term Indigenous Australian is used in this page and refers to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Resources

References to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander authors/communities need to note, when the information is included with the resource:

  • the Nation or Country and/or language group of the author or community
  • where the Country is located.

If the author is not known use Unrecorded in place of the author.

If the work is untitled use Untitled in place of the title.

If the work is a collaboration between Indigenous Australian and non-Indigenous authors, write the name of the Indigenous creator after their Country/Language information.

Book

Rule: Author AA (Year) Title, Nation or Country, Language group, Place of Nation or Country, Publisher, Location.

Author, individual or community, from the same place

In-text

...consider the term health is an english language term (Nganampa Health Council 1991)

Reference list

Nganampa Health Council (1991) Anangu way, Anangu Pitjantjatjara, South Australia, Nganampa Health Council, Alice Springs, N.T

If there are multiple Indigenous Australian authors from different places, write the name of the author after their Country/Language information.

In-text

...a way of understanding cultural greetings can be seen in Murphy and Kennedy (2016).

Reference list

Murphy J and Kennedy L (2016) Welcome to country, Wurundjeri, Melbourne, VIC (Murphy), Trawlwoolway, Tasmania (Kennedy), Blackdog Books, Newtown, NSW.

eBook

Rule: Author AA (Year) Title, Nation or Country, Language group, Place of Nation or Country, accessed Day Month Year, http://xxxx

In-text

...the Torres Strait Islands were annexed to Queensland in 1879 (2012).

Reference list

Behrendt L (2012) Indigenous Australia for dummies, Eualeyai, Kamillaroi, north-western New South Wales, accessed 28 March 2019, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/tafeqld/reader.action?docID=871510

Web page

Rule: Author AA (Year) Title, Nation or Country, Language group, Place of Nation or Country, accessed Day Month Year, http://xxxx

In-text

...language resources can be used as per this example (Yugambeh Museum 2019).

Reference list

Yugambeh Museum (2019) Language resources, Yugambeh, South East Queensland, accessed 28 March 2019,  https://www.yugambeh.com/language-resources

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Materials

References to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander artworks, designs, objects, or images, need to note, when the information is included with the material:

  • the Nation or Country and language group of the Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander creator or community
  • where the Country is located.

If the creator is not known use Unrecorded in place of the creator.

If the work is untitled use Untitled in place of the title.

This page includes examples of materials that are accessed online and in person.

Accessed online:

For materials accessed online, use the following format:  

Rule: Creator (Year) Title [description of work], Nation or Country, Language group, Place of Nation or Country, Publisher, accessed Day Month Year, URL

If the image is by a single Indigenous Australian creator.

In-text

...as portrayed in Gabori's work (2005).

Reference list

Gabori, M (2005) My country [painting], Kaiadilt, Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland, Queensland Art Gallery, accessed 19 March 2019, http://collection.qagoma.qld.gov.au/qag/imu.php request=display&port=45001&id=82ae&flag=ecatalogue&offset=111&count=default&view=details.

If the image is untitled, use the word Untitled in place of a title.

In-text

In 2018, Napangati...

Reference list

Napangati Y (2018) Untitled [painting], Papunya Tula, Northern Territory, Australia, Art Gallery of NSW, accessed 20 March 2019, https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/prizes/wynne/2018/30021/. 

 

If the creator is not known we use Unrecorded in place of the creator. The date in this example means the work was created over those two years. If there is no date we write “n.d”. If the year is only known approximately we write “c” in front of the year or use a range of years.

In-text

...meaning and knowledge (Unrecorded 1912-13).

Reference list

Unrecorded (1912-13) Ancestor and snake [painting], Western Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia, Google Cultural Institute, accessed 20 March 2019,

https://www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au/prizes/wynne/2018/30021/.

 

If there are multiple Indigenous Australian creators from the same place, write their names after the Country/Language information.

In-text

George and Cooper (2018)...

Reference list

George W and Cooper T (2018) Piltati and Malara: a story of love and war [painting], APY Lands (George and Cooper), South Australia, Hazelhurst Gallery, accessed 18 March 2019, https://www.sutherlandshire.nsw.gov.au/Community/Hazelhurst/Exhibitions/Weapons-For-The-Soldier.

 

If there are multiple Indigenous creators from different places, write the name of the creator after their Country/Language information.

In-text

(Timbrey and Jones 2015)

Reference list

Timbrey E and Jones J (2015) Shell Wall [shell art installation], Bidjigal/Eora (Timbrey), La Perouse, NSW, Australia, Wiradjuri/Kamilaroi (Jones), NSW, Australia, Barangaroo Delivery Authority, accessed 18 March 2019, https://www.barangaroo.com/the-project/arts-and-public-program/shell-wall-2015-by-esme-timbery-and-jonathan-jones/.

 

If the work is a collaboration between Indigenous Australian and non-Indigenous creators, write the name of the Indigenous Australian creator after their Country/Language information.

In-text

(Jagamara and Tillers 2017)

Reference list

Jagamara MN and Tillers I (2017) Metafisica Australe 2017 [painting], Warlpiri/Luritja (Jagamara), Papunya region, Northern Territory, Australia, Queensland Art Gallery of Modern Art (QAGOMA), accessed 18 March 2019, https://blog.qagoma.qld.gov.au/michael-nelson-jagamara-imants-tillers-metafisica-australe/.

 

If the work has been photographed and you know the name of the photographer, list the photographer before the publisher.

In-text

… demonstrated in the photographs of the location (Unrecorded n.d.).

Reference list

Unrecorded (n.d) Baiame cave, Wonnarua people, Hunter Valley, NSW, Australia, photographed by R Downie, Flickr, accessed 20 March 2019, https://www.flickr.com/photos/robertdownie/23277332960/.

 

Accessed in person:

If the work was accessed in person (ie accessed by you) use the following format:

Rule: Creator (Year) Title [description of work], Nation or Country, Language group, Place of Nation or Country, type of work, Museum/Gallery/Site, Place.

If the work was accessed in person in a museum or gallery by a single Indigenous creator.

In-text

(Carmichael 2017)

Reference list

Carmichael S (2017) Deranji Dabayil (rocky place, healing waters): Baskets of culture 2017 [commercial raffia and ghost net strands], Ngugi people of Quandamooka, Minjerribah, North Stradbroke Island, Queensland Gallery of Art, Brisbane, QLD.

 

If the work is a collaboration between Indigenous Australian and non-Indigenous creators, write the name of the Indigenous creator after their Country/Language information.

Broadhust H and Watson J (1996) Untitled [public sculpture], goanna, Waanyi, North Queensland (Watson), Boundary St, West End, Brisbane, QLD.

 

If the work was accessed in situ, in this example the use of a forward slash in the year indicates a work was begun at an earlier date and added to later.

In-text

(Unrecorded 1860/1940)

Reference list

Unrecorded (1860/1940) Solid white female figure [rock painting], Maung language group, Wellington Range, Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia, Djulirri, Western Arnhem Land, Northern Territory.

References

Adapted from the University of Technology Sydney library guide to referencing Indigenous Material by Danièle Hromek & Sophie Herbert licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Griffith University (2019) Reference tool, accessed 21 March 2019,  https://app.secure.griffith.edu.au/reference_tool/index-core.php

University of Technology Sydney (2019) Indigenous material, accessed 21 March 2019, https://www.lib.uts.edu.au/help/referencing/harvard-uts-referencing-guide/indigenous-material

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