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Referencing (TAFE)

More help with


In-text citation

(Creator, Year)

Creator (Year)

(Harvard University, 2019)

Harvard University (2019)

To cite a direct quotation from an audiovisual source, include a timestamp in the in-text citation alongside the author and date indicating the point at which the quotation begins.

(Author, Year of production, Timestamp)

Direct Quote: “Jellyfish are about 95% water which make them very difficult to study” (Harvard University, 2019, 0:06).


Reference list

Creator. (Year, Month Day). Title of video [Video]. Site Name. https://xxxxx

Harvard University. (2019, August 29). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube.

  • The same format is used for other streaming video platforms like Vimeo, just replace the site name..
  • Use the name of the account that uploaded the video as the author.
  • If the account did not actually create the work, explain this in the text if it is important for readers to know. However, if that would mean citing a source that appears unauthoritative, you might also look for the author’s YouTube channel, official website, or other social media to see whether the same video is available elsewhere (American Psychological Association, 2020).

Ted Talk

If the TED Talk is found on YouTube, use the owner of the YouTube account as the author to aid in retrieval (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 344).

In-text citation

(Speaker, Year)

(Bierut, 2019)

(TED, 2012)

Speaker (Year)

Bierut (2019)

TED (2012)

Reference list

Speaker, S. S. (Year, Month Day). Title. [Video]. TED Conferences. https://xxxxx

Bierut, M. (2017, March). How to design a library that makes kids want to read [Video]. TED Conferences.

TED. (2012, March 17). Brené Brown: Listening to shame [Video]. YouTube.

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