E-books come in a variety of formats (e.g., Kindle, Adobe Digital Editions, EPub, HTML, and more) and can be read on a variety of devices (e.g., e-readers like the Kindle, Nook, and Sony Reader, as well as on personal computers and mobile devices through online portals such as NetLibrary, ebrary, and Google Books).
Do not include database information or the URL if an article is from a database (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 317). Academic database information is now left out as works are widely available (American Psychological Association, 2019, para. 5). Do include a URL if the eBook is from a website outside of a database.
For in-text citations of paraphrased material, provide the author and date.
Direct quotation, also provide page numbers if the e-book has page numbers.
(Author, Year, p. x).
(Penner, 2013, p. 5).
If there are no page numbers, apply the following conventions:
eBook with a DOI
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of book. Publisher. https://doi
eBook without a DOI
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of book. Publisher.
Dynes, R. (2017). Positive communication: Activities to reduce isolation and improve the wellbeing of older adults. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
eBook from a website
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of book. Publisher if different from author. https://xxx
World Health Organisation Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017). Pocket book of hospital care for mothers. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/258716