For the edition of a book
For example Drugs and life (4th ed.).
|Ed. or Eds.||
When a book includes editors rather than authors
For example Robinson, D. N. (Ed.). (1992).
This means 'and others'
This is used in in-text citations when there are 3 or more authors.
Use the first author's surname in the first in-text citation, followed by et al. e.g. (Alberto et al., 1993).
Follow this format in subsequent citations.
End-text reference - all authors must be included.
For sources that do not have a date of publication, substitute ‘n.d.’ (no date) after the name of the author.
no page numbers
Use in your end-text referencing when the resource incorporates a number that represents the
accession, order, catalogue, or other number
Australian National Accounts: National income, expenditure and product (Cat. No. 5206.0).
Dissertation Abstracts International (University Microfilms No. 82-06, 181).
|p. or pp.||
These are included in the in-text citation. If one page number is being referred to, use the abbreviation p. for page. If referring to multiple pages use pp. to represent pages.
According to Gibbs (2009, pp. 34-35)
(Ezzy, 2002, p. 30)
|para. or paras.||
For electronic sources that do not provide page numbers, use the paragraph number and, if available, preceded by the abbreviation ‘para.’
(Clarkson, 2001, para. 2)
Used in end-text referencing when item is identified as being a revised edition.
Referencing guide (14th Rev. ed.).
Name the translator or editor only in the end-text reference, immediately following the title. In the case of translated works, cite the title in its translated form, not in its original form.
|Vol. or Vols.||
Include in end text referencing if books include volume information
Robinson, A. (1994). The principals of genetics and heredity. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. 19, pp. 699-740). Encyclopedia Britannica.
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).