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Referencing (TAFE)

Publication Details

If publication date is not available use no date or circa (about.approximately) c. before the year 

No date

 For sources that do not have a date of publication, substitute ‘n.d.’ (no date) after the name of the author.

 For example: 

 In-text citation

 Rule (Author n.d.) or Author (n.d.)
(Southey n.d.) or Southey (n.d.)

 Reference List
 Southey R (n.d.) The life of Nelson, Blackie, London, England.

Approximate date or estimated date

In text citation

Rule: (Author c. Year)

Rule: (Author Year?)

For example:

Southey (c.1977)

(Southey 1977?)

References used

Australian Government (2021) Style Manual, accessed 24 May 2021,

Monash University (2020) Harvard (2020 EDN), viewed 3 June 2021,

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